2014, Volume 6, Issue 4
Body balance in a free-standing position in road and off-road cyclists
Paulina Hebisz1, Rafal Hebisz1, Marek Zaton1
1Department of Physiology, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw
Author for correspondence: Paulina Hebisz; Department of Physiology, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw; email: paulinahebisz[at]interia.pl
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare body balance in road and off-road cyclists,immediately before and after the racing season.
Material/Methods: Twenty individuals participated in the study and they were divided into two groups: specialists in road-cycling (n = 10) and in off-road cycling (n = 10). Immediately before and after the five-month racing season stabilographic trials were carried out (at rest and after progressive exercise). In assessing body balance the distance and velocity of the centre shifts (in the anterior-posterior and left-right direction) were analysed. The tests were performed with the cyclists’ eyes open, eyes closed, and in feedback.
Results: After the racing season, in the off-road cyclists’ group, distance and velocity of the centre of pressure shifts increased after a progressive exercise.
Conclusions: In the off-road cyclists’ group the balance of the body in the sagittal plane deteriorated after the racing season. Moreover, after the racing season off-road cyclists were characterized by a worse balance of the body, compared to road cyclists
Key words: body balance, vestibular system, cycling