2013, Volume 5, Issue 3

Kinematic analysis as a part of objective method of functional classification in disability swimming – Pilot studies

Alicja K. Dziuba1, Agata Kolodziej1, Anna Zurowska2

1Department of Biomechanics, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw
2Faculty of Health Science, Department of Physiotherapy, Wroclaw Medical University

Author for correspondence: Alicja K. Dziuba; Department of Biomechanics, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw; email: alicja.dziuba@awf.wroc.pl

DOI: 10.2478/bjha-2013-0016

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Background: A new functional classification system (FCS) of disability swimming is based only on functional abilities in water. The aim of this research was to evaluate the possibility of kinematic analysis to supplement the FCS.
Material/Methods: The investigations were carried out during the Polish Winter Disability Swimming Championships in 2008 and involved recording the results of the 100 m freestyle swimming event. Participants included 10 women and 11 men aged 21.7 ± 6.6.
Results: The averages and standard deviations (SD) of stroke length (SL), stroke rate (SR), clean swimming speed (CSS) and stroke efficiency index (SI) were calculated. There is a strong negative correlation between SL and SR reaching 0.86 (p < 0.05) in particular classes. There were no statistically significant correlations between classes in the SL, CSS and SI parameters (p < 0.01) and no statistically significant differences were revealed in the Wilcoxon test (p < 0.01), which suggests that the division of swimmers into these classes was performed inaccurately and subjectively.
Conclusions: Kinematic parameters could support FCS, and it might be an indicator of progress and the effectiveness of training methods for coaches.

Key words: kinematic parameters, functional classification, swimmers with disability