2013, Volume 5, Issue 1
Motivation for Undertaking Extracurricular Physical Activity in Adolescents
Izabela Droblińska1, Agata Hejmowska1, Natalia Mazurkiewicz1
1Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk
Author for correspondence: Izabela Droblińska; Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk; email: drobek21[at]wp.pl
Background: Motivation is what drives all aspects of human functioning – from the physiological needs to self-realization. It has, therefore, great impact upon undertaking physical activity and may be connected with various factors such as attitudes and role models taken from home, but also with social influences later in life e.g. peers’ opinion.
Material/Methods: 400 students of the lower-secondary schools in Gdynia and Gdańsk took part in the research. Each of them received a questionnaire with questions regarding their and their parents’ / ’guardians’ physical activity. In statistical analysis Cross Tabulation (χ2 statistics) and Frequency Tabulation were used.
Results: Undertaking physical activity is more strongly related with the male sex. The factors which had the strongest influence on undertaking sport behaviours in teenagers turned out to be: influence of a peer group and satisfaction with undertaking these behaviours. Among the weakest ones were: siblings, offer of sport clubs as well as Physical Education teachers. It was also proved that the father’s influence on undertaking physical activity by children is greater than the mother’s.
Conclusions: The main factors which influence interest in sport in adolescents are consecutively the influence of peers and satisfaction from the sport itself.
Key words: motivation, adolescence, physical activity