2011, Volume 3, Issue 4
Effect of Training on Morphological, Physiological and Biochemical Variables of U-19 Soccer Players
Indranil Manna1, Gulshan Lal Khanna2, Prakash Chandra Dhara3
1Dep. of Physiology, Midnapore College
2Dep. of Health Sciences, Manav Rachana International University
3Dep. of Human Physiology, Vidyasagar University
Author for correspondence: Indranil Manna; Dep. of Physiology, Midnapore College; email: email@example.com
Background: The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of training on selected morphological, physiological and biochemical variables in soccer players under 19 years of age.
Material/Methods: A total of 30 Indian male soccer players under 19 years of age (age: 16.00–18.99 yr) volunteered for this study. The training sessions were divided into 2 phases (i) Preparatory Phase (PP, 8 weeks) and (ii) Competitive Phase (CP, 4 weeks). The training programme consisted of aerobic, anaerobic and skill development, and was completed 4 hrs/day; 5 days/week. Selected morphological, physiological and biochemical variables were measured at zero level (baseline data, BD) and at the end
of PP and CP.
Results: A significant increase (P<0.05) in lean body mass, VO2max, anaerobic power, grip and back strength, urea and uric acid levels; and a decrease (P<0.05) in percentage of body fat, haemoglobin, total cholesterol, and LDL-C levels have been noted in PP and CP when compared to BD. However, no significant change was noted in stature, body mass, maximal heart rate, triglyceride and HDL-C levels of the players after the training.
Conclusions: This study would provide useful information for training and selection of soccer players of under-19-year-old groups.
Key words: body fat, VO2max, anaerobic power, strength, lipid profile, soccer