2011, Volume 3, Issue 3
Socio-Psychological Determinants of Physical Fitness and a Value System of a Reference Group Based on the Case of the Polish Handball Federation’s Referees
Piotr Włodarczyk1, Anna Strzałkowska2, Artur Ziółkowski2
1Department of Informatics and Statistics, Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk
2Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk
Author for correspondence: Piotr Włodarczyk; Department of Informatics and Statistics, Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk; email: pw[at]awf.gda.pl
Background: This paper deals with determinants of physical fitness and of a value system of the Polish Handball Federation’s [Polski Związek Piłki Ręcznej] referees (N=61). The reference group theory describing the transfer of a value system
within a group of referees constitutes the theoretical foundation of the paper.
Material/Methods: The referees’ age ranged from 19 to 59 years (M=30.56 years SD=7.16 years). The measurement was carried out by means of the Scheler Values Scale constructed by Piotr Brzozowski and the Questionnaire of Ethics constructed by Wiesław Baryła and Bogdan Wojciszke.
Results: The results of the six basic hierarchies of values were analysed: sanctity, hedonistic, vital, aesthetic, truth, and moral. Comparisons of data obtained from a group of referees preferring common good ethics with referees showing low acceptance of the common good ethics have not revealed a considerably higher acceptance rate only in the case of values of truth and
Conclusions: The remaining hierarchies demonstrated considerable statistical variance. Further research on the determinants of referees’ moral behaviours should focus on determining the impact of the subject’s sex and a change in temperament traits on the development of a refereeing career
Key words: sociology of a sports team, referees, value system, physical capacity