2009, Volume 1, Issue 1

Kinematic Tactics in the Women's 800 m Freestyle Swimming Final at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games



Patrycja Lipińska1

1Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk


Author for correspondence: Patrycja Lipińska; Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk; email: patlip@awf.gda.pl

DOI: 10.2478/v10131-009-0010-0

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to obtain knowledge on tactics of long distance swimming at the highest women professional level.
Material/Methods: Eight swimmers, finalists of 800 m distance of freestyle of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games were examined. The distribution of velocity of swimming for the entire distance based on 50 m segments was analyzed. Partial, halves and quarters velocity, speed indexes and linear and nonlinear regression equations were calculated.
Results: It was revealed that better swimmers (placed 1–3) had their distribution of swimming as an ascending line and with very small difference between segmental velocity and that of the entire distance, while the rest of swimmers had a descending velocity line and a higher dispersion of partial values.
Conclusions: High performance swimmers have to hold uniform velocity of movement with small dispersion along the entire distance of swimming.


Key words: Beijing 2008, velocity, swimming, strategy, pacing