2015, Volume 7, Issue 3
An assessment of shape of the longitudinal and the transverse foot arch in male and female pole vaulters
Monika Opanowska1, Elżbieta Prętkiewicz-Abacjew1
1Department of Health Promotion and Posturology, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
Author for correspondence: Monika Opanowska; Department of Health Promotion and Posturology, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; email: monkao84[at]wp.pl
Background: The aim of the research was to assess the longitudinal and the transverse shape of the foot arch in male and female pole vaulters.
Material/Methods: The research involved 14 women and 16 men training pole vault professionally and possessing the highest level of sport’s proficiency. The assessment of the foot arch was made in static conditions, using a podoscope. The longitudinal foot arch was assessed by Clarke’s method and the transverse foot arch was based on the calcaneal angle.
Results: The obtained results showed that the correct and excessive foot arch occur most
Conclusions: Numerous technical exercises performed by pole vaulters on the forefoot and toes strengthen the foot (shortening muscles responsible for a proper level of the longitudinal and the transverse foot arch) and result in the correct or excessive arch in the right and the left foot.
Key words: foot, foot arch, pole vaulters, lower limbs