2016, Volume 8, Issue 1
How can cognitive science contribute to sport? How can sport contribute to neuroscience?
Sławomir Kujawski1, Agnieszka Kujawska2
1Division of Ergonomics and Exercise Physiology, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, Collegium Medicum UMK in Bydgoszcz
2Department of Geriatrics, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun
Author for correspondence: Sławomir Kujawski; Division of Ergonomics and Exercise Physiology, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, Collegium Medicum UMK in Bydgoszcz; email: slawomirkujawski[at]wp.pl
Background: In this mini-review we would like to focus on common points of neuroscience and sports science. We will shortly describe a few parts of this unity namely; nerve conduction studies, cognitive profiles of sportsmen and an influence of physical training on cognitive functioning. We want to emphasize the importance of so far conducted research: on the one hand, its application in the methodology of sport training, and on the other hand, expanding the field of knowledge in neuroscience.
Material/Methods: Analysis of articles in the EBSCO database using keywords: athletes, sportsmen, cognitive tests, physical training, elderly, psychological traits, cognitive profile.
Results: Several methodological problems in examining cognitive functions and psychological traits of athletes has been indicated.
Conclusions: Conclusions could be far-reaching; however, thanks to knowledge from sports science, scientists and clinicians have an opportunity to design a therapy for patients with mild cognitive impairments.
Key words: cognitive profiles, athletes, sportsmen, psychological traits, ecological theory of perception