2016, Volume 8, Issue 3

Domain-specific physical activity among indigenous overweight and obese communities in Sarawak

Ching Thon Chang1, Whye Lian Cheah2, Helmy Hazmi2, Wan Abdul Manan Wan Muda3

1Department of Nursing, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
2Department of Community Medicine & Public Health, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
3School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Author for correspondence: Ching Thon Chang; Department of Nursing, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak; email: ccthon@fmhs.unimas.my

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Background: Physical activity is important to maintain health and to prevent non-communicable diseases.
Material/Methods: We evaluated physical activity in four domains (leisure time, occupational, domestic and transportation ones) and its sociodemographic correlates in 351 adult overweight and obese indigenous people in Sarawak, Malaysia. Physical activity was assessed using the Malay version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) long form. The data were analysed using SPSS version 20.
Results: More than 40% of the respondents (43.5%) were obese. The overall median total MET-minutes were 6180.0 (IQR = 10229.0). A total of 53% of the respondents were moderately active with the majority of them being female (55.6%). The overall median total MET-minutes were low for leisure and transportation domains. Females were more active in the domestic domain, while males in the work and leisure-time domains of physical activity.
Younger respondents (< 30 years) had the lowest level of physical activity. There is a
significant positive relationship of gender with work, domestic and leisure-time domains
of physical activity, and of occupation with work and leisure-time domains as well as all
domains of physical activity.
Conclusions: Studies on physical activity among overweight and obese adults should examine all domains in order to understand its relationship and weight problem.

Key words: physical activity, correlates, domains specific, indigenous people, community, overweight &obesity