2017, Volume 9, Issue 2
Effectiveness of the “Slimming Down Olsztyn Residents” health program – Motivation to participate and withdraw
Robert Podstawski1, Dariusz Choszcz2, Patrycja Polakowska3
1Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
2Department of Heavy Duty Machines and Research Methodology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
3Department of Tourism and Recreation, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
Author for correspondence: Robert Podstawski; Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn; email: podstawskirobert[at]gmail.com
This study aimed to determine the motivation of overweight/obese persons to participate
in and withdraw from a health promotion program, and to determine the program’s
91 women and 89 men enrolled in the program. Their motivation was described with modified
EMI-2. The reasons for withdrawal were given by the participants. Body composition was
determined with Tanita BC 418 MA.
Improved appearance, weight loss and health were the main reasons why overweight/
obese persons decided to become physically active. Approximately 56% women and 60%
men quit the program because they were unable to cope with the fitness regime, lost
interest or could not find the time. The participants who completed the program (> 600
MET) significantly (p < 0.01) reduced their BM (1.84 kg and 2.37 kg), BMI (0.70 kg/m2
and 0.74 kg/m2), fat percentage (1.58% and 1.81%) and fat mass (1.70 kg and 2.20 kg).
Significant loss of the adipose tissue and an increase in muscle mass were observed in
various parts of the body.
The 7-month health program involving physical activities with MET > 600 led to a significant
decrease in fat mass and fat percentage and a significant increase in muscle mass.
Key words: overweight, obesity, physical activity program, effects, physical training, participation, withdrawal