2018, Volume 10, Issue 3
Neurofeedback needs support! Effects of neurofeedback-EEG training in terms of the level of attention and arousal control in sports shooters
Mirosław Mikicin1, Marta Szczypińska2, Katarzyna Skwarek3
1Inter-Faculty Laboratory of Neuropsychophysiology (MLN), Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw
2Inter-Faculty Laboratory of Neuropsychophysiology (MLN), Doctoral Studies, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw
3Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, Chair of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw
Author for correspondence: Marta Szczypińska; Inter-Faculty Laboratory of Neuropsychophysiology (MLN), Doctoral Studies, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw; email: email@example.com
Background: Achievements in sports shooting are associated with the level of attention and agitation control, which improve to a significant extent the effectiveness of shooters in sports competition. The purpose of this study was to analyse changes in the level of attention and activation in sports shooters after neurofeedback-EEG training.
Material and methods: The study included students of the Military University of Technology (27 subjects). The Vienna Test System was used: a test for assessing attention (COG) and a test for assessing the functional activation (FLIM). The measurements were carried out before and after 20 neurofeedback-EEG training sessions oriented towards strengthening the beta frequency (12-22 Hz). To reduce any non-specific effects, investigators were informed not to motivate the subjects. All sessions consisted of 10 rounds.
Results: The differences between the first and the second measurement show that the shooters included in the study improved their abilities in terms of the attention level. The subjects performed the task more quickly and accurately during the second measurement. No significant changes were observed in terms of the arousal level.
Conclusions: Neurofeedback-EEG training improved the level of attention in shooters but it had no effect on the optimal arousal level in shooters.
Key words: neurofeedback-EEG, attention, arousal, shooting sports