2019, Volume 11, Issue 1
The relationship between chosen kinematic parameters of the aerial cartwheel on the balance beam during skill learning
Aleksandra Aleksić-Veljković1, Kamenka Živčić Marković2, Lucija Milčić1
1Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš
2Faculty of Kinesiolog, University of Zagreb
Author for correspondence: Aleksandra Aleksić-Veljković; Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš; email: aleksić.firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine a relationship between the chosen parameters of aerial cartwheel on the balance beam during learning the skill of this element.
Material and methods: Four national level junior female gymnasts participated in this study. The trials of the aerial cartwheel were filmed, and the best technically performed trial was chosen for analysis.
Results: A statistically significant relationship was found between the duration of the flight phase and the length between foot at the starting position (-0.675) and the height of the body's center of gravity (-0.626), respectively. Statistically significant positive correlations were also found between the knee angle at landing and the duration of the phase on one leg at landing (0.639). A strong positive correlation was also found between the length of the aerial cartwheel and the height of the body's center of gravity (0.677), and a negative one with the duration of the flight phase (-0.533) and the duration of the phase on one leg at the landing (-0.805).
Conclusions: Using basic biomechanical principles, the gymnast can perform movements with less effort. A coach can identify mistakes more quickly and provide their gymnasts with more effective advice.
Key words: artistic gymnastics, acrobatic elements, sport biomechanic