2019, Volume 11, Issue 2
A comparison of psychological well-being in athlete and non-athlete women
Ghorban Hemati Alamdarloo1, Setareh Shojaee1, Enayatollah Asadmanesh2, Homa Sheikhani Shahin3, Aghdas Rangani1, Sara Negahdarifard2
1Special Education Department, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Eram Square
2Physical Education Department, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Eram Square
3Physical Education Department, Zand Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz University, Eram Square
Author for correspondence: Ghorban Hemati Alamdarloo; Special Education Department, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Eram Square; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: The present study was aimed to compare psychological well-being in athlete and non-athlete women.
Material/Methods: The statistical population of the present study included all athlete and non-athlete women in Shiraz, Iran. The sample consisted of 764 subjects (382 athletes, 382 non- athletes), of which the athlete and non-athlete samples were selected by Gerjesy and Morgan’ sample size table and purposeful sampling method, respectively. Also, Ryff's psychological well-being scale (Ryff, 1989) was used for measuring subjects’ psychological well-being. Independent t-test and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) tests were used for data analysis.
Results: The results showed a significant difference between athlete and non-athlete women in terms of their psychological well-being and its subscales (p<.01).
Conclusions: According to this finding, it can be concluded that psychological well-being is better in athlete compared to non-athlete women. Therefore, it can be argued that sport activities are effective in improving the psychological well-being of women.
Key words: psychological well-being, athletes, non-athletes, women