2020, Volume 12, Issue 3
Model characteristics of sportsmen’ preparedness in kettlebell lifting
Kostiantyn Prontenko1, Grygoriy Griban2, Tetiana Plachynda3, Ivan Mychka2, Oksana Khurtenko4, Bogdan Semeniv5, Oleksandr Gnydiuk6, Vadym Muzhychok7, Mykola Puzdymir8
1Department of Physical Education, Special Physical Training and Sport, S. P. Koroliov Zhytomyr Military Institute
2Department of Physical Education and Sport Improvement, Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University
3Department of Professional Pedagogics and Social Humanities, Flight Academy of National Aviation University
4Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
5Department of Physical Education, Sports and Health, Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies
6Department of Physical Training and Personal Security, Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine
7Department of Physical Education, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
8Department of Physical Education and Sport, Vinnytsia Institute of Trade and Economics of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Author for correspondence: Kostiantyn Prontenko; Department of Physical Education, Special Physical Training and Sport, S. P. Koroliov Zhytomyr Military Institute; email: prontenko-kostya@ ukr.net
Background: The model characteristics of preparedness of sportsmen specialized in kettlebell lifting are grounded in the article. The indicators of physical preparedness, functional abilities and the main technical characteristics of kettlebell lifters of different qualification were examined.
Material and methods: Three groups were formed: group No. 1 – kettlebell lifters of a low qualification (the 3rd and the 2nd grades, N=34); group No. 2 – kettlebell lifters who have the 1st grade and Candidate Master of Sports, N=27; group No. 3 – sportsmen of a high qualification (Masters of Sports, N=16). The methods of investigation: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific literature, testing, biomedical methods, video computer and biomechanical analysis, methods of mathematical statistics.
Results: It is determined that meaningful components of physical preparedness in kettlebell lifting are endurance, flexibility, leg and back muscles strength; of functional preparedness – functional abilities of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems; of technical preparedness – duration of the static phases and angular characteristics of competitive exercises.
Conclusions: The application of the results obtained allows comparing the individual data of a particular sportsman with the model characteristics of highly-qualified sportsmen to estimate the advantages and disadvantages of his preparedness in order to plan the training process.
Key words: model characteristics, physical preparedness, technical preparedness, kettlebell lifting