2020, Volume 12, Special Issue 1
Sport and Tourism. Yesterday - Today - Tommorow
Eds. Dariusz Jacek Olszewski-Strzyżowski and Raluca Buhas
Emitter and tourist destination in Romania
Grigore Vasile Herman1, Dorina Camelia Ilieș1, Olivier Dehoorne2, Alexandru Ilieș1, Alphonse Sambou3, Tudor Caciora4, Mamadou Diombera3, Anamaria Lăzuran4
1Department of Geography, Tourism and Territorial Planning, University of Oradea
2Department of Geography, University of Antilles
3Training and Research Unit of Economic and Social Science, Department of Tourism, University of Ziguinchor Assane Seck
4Doctoral School in Geography, University of Oradea
Author for correspondence: Grigore Vasile Herman; Department of Geography, Tourism and Territorial Planning, University of Oradea; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: The need to identify, analyze and establish relationships between destinations and tourist emission, as terminus points between which the tourist circulation takes place, arises from the structural and functional complexity of tourism, on the one hand, and from its unprecedented expansion, on the other hand.
Material and methods: Within the present study, which concerned Romania as a tourist destination, a number of specific, determinative indicators for the emission areas and the tourist destinations were identified and analyzed.
Results: The obtained results focused on the analysis of: capacity, hierarchy, spatial distribution and establishment of relations between tourist emission / reception centers. They pointed out that Bucharest is the most important center of emission and tourist destination, followed by big urban centers of Constanța, Brasov, Mangalia, Cluj, Sibiu, Iași, etc., with some oscillations in what supposes their capacity of emission respectively tourist reception.
Conclusions: The spatial distribution of the tourist emission-reception centers at the level of Romania is a discontinuous, individualized nuclei of utmost importance (the mountain area, the Black Sea coast and the Bucharest area) and the poor areas in infrastructure and tourist objectives, which determines a low flow of tourists.
Key words: tourist emission, touristic destination, tourist indicators, Romania