2021, Volume 1, Issue 1
The investigation of the relationship between perceived freedom and brief resilience: The role of participation in physical activity
Tülay Avcı Taşkıran1, Bülent Gürbüz2
1Department of Physical Education and Sports,Faculty of Education, Nevsehir Haci Bektaş Veli University
2Department of Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ankara University
Author for correspondence: Bülent Gürbüz; Department of Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ankara University; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: This study was designed to examine the relationship between perceived freedom in leisure and psychological resilience of university staff.
Material and Methods: The sample group of the study was composed of 189 academic and 81 administrative university staff (Mage=36.11±7.34). Participants were assessed based on the “Perceived Freedom in Leisure Scale (T-PFLS)” and the “Brief Resilience Scale (T-BRS)”. ANOVA, independent samples t-test, and Pearson correlation analysis methods were used to analyze the data.
Results: T-test analysis indicated that there was no significant difference between the mean scores of “T-PFLS”; however, there was a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of “T-BRS” with regard to gender. The male participants’ mean scores were higher than those of the female participants. The analysis revealed statistically significant differences in “T-PFLS” and “T-BRS” mean scores with respect to the position at the university. ANOVA analysis indicated statistically significant differences in mean scores of “T-PFLS” and “T-BRS” with respect to leisure participation preference. The mean scores of frequent participants were higher than the others in both of the scales. There was a statistically significant positive and moderate correlation between the mean scores of “T-PFLS” and “T-BRS” scores.
Conclusion: As a result, active participants reported higher perceived freedom and psychological resilience scores.
Key words: physical activity, leisure, perceived freedom, psychological resilience