2021, Volume 1, Issue 2
The adolescent’s perceptions and reasons for enjoyment at physical education classes in four elementary Brazilian schools
Vanilson Batista Lemes1, Caroline Brand1, Camila Felin Fochesatto1, Adroaldo Cezar Araujo Gaya1, Anelise Reis Gaya1
1Project Esporte Brasil (PROESP-Br). School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy, and Dance, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Author for correspondence: Vanilson Batista Lemes; Project Esporte Brasil (PROESP-Br). School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy, and Dance, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: This study aimed to describe adolescents’ positive and negative perceptions and reasons for enjoyment in physical education (PE) in four schools, and to identify adolescents’ opinions about possible improvements in PE classes.
Material and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, with a qualitative approach. The sample was composed of 240 girls and 230 boys, aged between 11 and 17 years according to exhaustion criteria, which is a requirement for the analyses of content. Perceptions and reasons for enjoyment in PE were evaluated according to three open questions. Analysis of content was applied.
Results: There were different positive perceptions between schools related to sports enjoyment. Negative perceptions were mainly related to the teacher–student relationship, not having PE, and teachers’ work methodologies. Suggestions were focused on diversifying specific physical activities, exercises, and sports.
Conclusions: Adolescents enjoy PE due to fun, learning, liking physical activity practice, exercise, and sports. Negative perceptions were related to the difficulty with the teacher and not having PE classes. Adolescents suggest that they would like to have a wide variety of types of physical activity, physical exercise, and sport modalities.
Key words: sports, physical activity, motivation, physical exercise